Ust-Ilimsk - a city in the north-west of the Irkutsk region on the river Angare, administrative center Ust-Ilim district. The city is with 27th of December 1973. The distance to Irkutsk by rail is 1280 km; on the highway - 950 km. The nearest large city is Bratsk. The distance to it by road is 246 km. The railway communication is carried out by the Khrebtovaya-Ust-Ilimsk branch line. The average height above sea level is 400-450 meters.
Ust-Ilimsk appeared as a city of three Komsomol construction projects (Ust-Ilim hydroelectric station, Ust-Ilimsk, Ust-Ilimsk LPK). According to the project of the city, it was assumed that up to 250 thousand people would live in the city. In 1993, the population was 113 thousand. Now the population is 96.3 thousand. people (year 2009). The area of 22.9 thousand hectares
- 1 Location
- 2 Climate
- 3 Demography
- 4 Economy
- 5 Education
- 6 Cultural institutions and attractions
- 7 Transport
- 8 Media
- 9 mobile connection
- 10 Sports
- 11 Famous people
- 12 Ust-Ilimsk in art
- 13 Perspectives.
- 14 The appearance of the city.
- 15 Notes
- 16 Links
LocationOld city, and the right bank - the so-called New town. Old Town is located below Ust-Ilim hydroelectric station downstream, New Town above. Interconnected by road and bridge Anguilla. Most of the population lives in the right bank of the city, most of the institutions of science and culture are located here. The new city is built up mainly with five- and nine-storey buildings. There are five fourteen-story houses. The old town consists mainly of five-story houses, two-story (temporary houses).
The plan for the construction of the city was developed by a group of students of the Leningrad University of Architecture and Construction as part of writing a graduation project on the theme “The City of My Dream”, therefore the New City is similar in the planning of residential districts of St. Petersburg of the 80s. The main idea of which was the construction of the city in the taiga. During the construction of residential areas, we tried to cut as few trees as possible under the auxiliary areas. Therefore, within the residential areas of the New City, there are often areas of centuries-old taiga.
There are settlements to the north of Ust-Ilimsk high-rise и Nevon (on the left bank) and Timber industry complex with state farm Angara (on the right bank). To the south of Ust-Ilimsk, there is the Zheleznodorozhny village (on the right bank).
The city is located in the region equated to the far north. The climate is sharply continental. The average annual temperature is −3.9 °. Absolute minimum temperature is −56 °, maximum + 42 °. The duration of the period with a temperature below 0 ° - 257 days. The average annual precipitation is 429 mm. The average annual wind speed is 1.9 m / s.
The city has a tendency to decrease in population. This is mainly due to the migration of young people from the city. September 19, 1985 - 100 thousandth resident of Ust-Ilimsk was born Tanya Sumin. In 1993, 113 thousand people lived in the city. 2003 - 106.6 thousand people 2005 - 99.8 thousand people, and in 2010 - 96.3 thousand people, of which 21.1 thousand people are younger than the working age, and 11.4 thousand people are older than the working age. In total, about 40 thousand people are employed in the city’s economy. Ust-Ilimsk is in 4th place in terms of the number of inhabitants among the cities of the Irkutsk region and belongs to the category of medium-sized cities.
The volume of shipped goods of own production, works and services performed in-house on manufacturing industries in 2009 was 15.49 billion rubles.
- Branch Ilim Group in Ust-Ilimsk
- Wood processing plant (UI LDZ)
- RusForest Ust-Ilimsk (formerly PIK Group) - logging and lumbering
- Ust-Ilim chipboard plant (RS)
- Pulp Mill
- Ust-Ilim hydroelectric station
- Ust-Ilim TPP (Irkutskenergo)
- Vereinsky coal mine (Irkutskenergo)
- Ust-Ilim bakery plant - with the products of the plant are well known far beyond the city. It can be seen on the shelves of outlets, even Ulan-Ude, Krasnoyarsk, Novosibirsk. The range - over 100 items.
- Agrofirm "Angara"
- Ust-Ilim Passenger Transport Company (UI PATP)
Also in the city there are a large number of small private firms, specializing mainly in the provision of various kinds of services and primary processing of forest.
In the field of chemical processing of wood, Ilim Group OJSC plans to implement an investment project for the modernization and development of production facilities of the Ilim Vostok business line (Bratsk and Ust-Ilimsk pulp and paper mill), the volume of investments will be more than 17 billion rubles. Also in the plans of the corporation is the installation of a paper machine, the first beyond the Urals, and the construction of a plant for the production of CTMM.
The development of the North-West of the Irkutsk Region includes the development and industrialization of the cities of Tayshet, Bratsk, Ust-Ilimsk and Zheleznogorsk-Ilimsky. A new industrialization scenario will be implemented on this territory. One of the main objectives of the state industrial policy is to increase the degree of processing of raw materials. The potential of these areas is assumed use for placement of high-tech industries for complex processing of raw materials and production of products with high added value. The basis of the competitiveness of the northern direction will be the formation of a forest cluster that unites the entire production chain - from logging to the production of final products. For the effective development of forest reserves in the north of the Irkutsk Region, it is necessary to build a network of forest roads (the latter can be carried out on the basis of a private-public partnership). Additional opportunities for the development of these territories are created by the construction of the Boguchanskaya HPP and the Ust-Ilimsk-Neryund railroad.
The following vocational schools offer vocational education:
- Vocational School number 42;
- Vocational School № 66.
The city also has branches:
- Baikal State University of Economics and Law;
- Bratsk State University;
- East Siberian State Academy of Education (formerly Irkutsk State Pedagogical University);
- Siberian State College of Construction and Entrepreneurship;
- Siberian Academy of Public Administration;
- Siberian Federal University.
Cultural institutions and attractions
- Picture gallery.
- Drama and Comedy Theater.
- City Museum of Local Lore.
- Palace of Culture "Friendship".
- Palace of Culture. I.I. Naimushin.
- Cinema "Yarosam", in 2002, became the leisure center "Supermax".
- Art School No. 1 and Art School No. 2.
- Central library system.
- Alley of memory - complex which includes
- Chapel in honor of the icon of the Mother of God "The recovery of the dead"
- 13 trees in memory of those killed in Afghanistan and Chechnya, Ust-Ylimtsy, in front of each of them, there are signs with the name of a dead warrior.
- The temple in the name of All Saints, in the Russian Land shone.
City transport is represented by a network of routes of municipal buses and taxis. The route network covers all urban areas and nearby suburbs, such as pos. Railway, Nevon, Karapchanka etc. There is also tram systemwhich is officially considered speedy. The tram connects one of the districts of the city with the timber industry complex and the dacha settlements.
Ust-Ilimsk railway station is located in a suburban village Railwayconnected with the city by bus service. It is located on the dead-end 214-kilometer railway Khrebtovaya-Ust-Ilimsk of the East-Siberian railway. There is a passenger message - trains go to Taishet and Irkutsk through Zheleznogorsk-Ilimsky (Korshunikha-Angarskaya station) and Bratsk, direct trains to Krasnoyarsk and Novosibirsk.
The city is connected by intercity bus service to Bratsk, Irkutsk.
In 2012, it is planned to begin the modernization of the railway station Ust-Ilimsk to increase its throughput by 70%. This is due to the fact that the Russian Railways company plans to continue construction North-Siberian Railway, along the Angara River, through Lesosibirsk] and Nizhnevartovsk. The final point of construction will be the city of Nizhnevartovsk, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area, which is also a dead-end station. The aim of the construction is to create an alternative to the North-Siberian railway for the development and maintenance of the industrial zone in the Lower Angara region. The estimated construction time for 2016–2030, the length of the road will be 1,892 km, the cost of construction will be 218 billion rubles.
The transport strategy of the Russian Federation provides for the development of multimodal logistics transport and distribution centers of the federal level in Irkutsk and territorial centers of the Irkutsk region - in the cities of Tayshet, Bratsk, Ust-Kut, Ust-Ilimsk.
Currently, the city produces several news and entertainment newspapers, such as: Evening Ust-Ilim, Ust-Ilim truth, By the way, Newspaper and others. Newspapers are printed on the Ust-Ilimsk printing house.
At present, 10 television channels broadcast in the city.
There are 6 Internet providers in the city: “Telnet”, “Sibirtelecom”, “Ilimtelekom”,“ Cable Networks ”,“ Irkutskenergosvyaz ”,“ Ust-Ilimskaya TV and Radio Company ”(UI TRK).
- 101.3 Radio 7,
- 101.7 Europe plus,
- 102.2 Autoradio,
- 103.2 Love Radio,
- 103.7 Russian radio,
- 105.1 Retro FM,
- 107.9 Hit FM,
- 66.02 Radio Chanson.
There are 4 mobile operators in the city: BaikalWestKom (GSM and CDMA), MTS, Beeline, Megafon.
In the city of Ust-Ilimsk, 15 kinds of sports are being developed, according to which more than 90 sports events are held.
- Hockey with a ball
The city has a team "Timber chemist».
In 2009, four Ust-Ilim sportsmen became prize-winners of weight-lifting competitions in Rybinsk.
At different times, Ust-Ilimsk was visited by:
- June 1964 year - the city was visited by a group of artists, along with Alexandra Pakhmutova.
- February 1972 - cosmonaut German Titov arrived
- August 4 1985 years - the future president of Russia - Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin
- June 1994 - writer A.A. Solzhenitsyn
- May 29 1996 of the year - politician Irina Khakamada
Ust-Ilimsk in art
The song by A. Pakhmutova “Letter to Ust-Ilim” (1963) brought fame to the city (then still to the settlement of hydrobuilders).
Alexander Vampilov wrote the story "Letter to Ust-Ilim".
Ust-Ilimsk is located in an area with a sufficient amount of forest and water resources, so its future prospects will continue to be associated with the processing of wood and the creation of energy-intensive industries. In terms of wood processing in the Ust-Ilimsk timber processing complex, an increase in capacity is planned (by about 20%), while the processing of raw materials is deepened. In this area, it is planned to introduce advanced technologies that will increase production efficiency and reduce its negative impact on the environment (in addition, it is planned to modernize treatment facilities). The Ilim Group also outlined the implementation of a project to modernize and develop the production facilities of the Ilim Vostok business line (Bratsk and Ust-Ilimsk Pulp and Paper Mill) with a total investment of more than 17 billion rubles. The plans and installation of a paper machine, the first in the Urals, as well as the construction of a plant for the production of chemical-thermomechanical pulp. There is also a project for the construction of a plant for the production of oriented strand board, presented by Ruslesprom LLC, worth about 5 billion rubles. Its implementation will increase the efficiency of use of forest resources, will create up to 400 additional jobs.
The appearance of the city.
Ust-Ilimsk is one of the youngest and most comfortable cities in the Irkutsk Region and all of Eastern Siberia. There are wide avenues and streets, multi-storey stone houses, a beautiful layout. According to the leading architects of the country, this is the most beautiful and modern city of the whole Angara region. It was planned that its population will reach 250 thousand people. The reservoir and the Angara River divide the city into two parts - the left bank (the old town) and the right bank (the new town). The old town is located below the Ust-Ilimsk hydroelectric station, the new city is higher. Both parts are connected by a bridge for the passage of road transport and a hydroelectric dam. The new part of the city is built up with nine- and ten-storey houses (there are several 14-storey houses). Most of the population lives here, the main administrative and social objects are concentrated. The old part is mainly represented by five-storey and two-storey (temporary houses), there are also summer cottages, villages Vysotka and Nevon. The draft master plan for building a new city was developed by a group of Leningrad architectural students as part of their theses on the topic “The City of My Dreams”. They proposed the idea of a city in the taiga near the man-made sea. Therefore, during the construction of the right-bank part, they tried to cut down as few trees as possible, preserving the taiga islands within residential areas.