North-Siberian Railway (Sevsib) - a projected railway length of about 2 thousand kilometers, which should connect the railway network of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug with the Baikal-Amur Railway. The project involves the construction of a railway from Nizhnevartovsk through Bely Yar, Verkhneketsk district of the Tomsk region, Lesosibirsk, Karabula to Ust-Ilimskfrom where there is access to the Baikal-Amur Mainline.
In 1996, the Federal Program for the Development of the Lower Angara Region in the Krasnoyarsk Territory was developed and submitted for consideration by the Government of the Russian Federation. The program included several development subprogrammes, including the creation of transport infrastructure, involving the construction of the North-Siberian Railway. But in the investment project “Integrated development of the Lower Angara Region”, developed in 2006, the construction of a highway was not supposed.
In 2003, the Ministry of Transport of Russia developed the transport strategy of Russia until 2025. IEEPP SB RAS attracted to the economic justification of this strategy. The Institute spoke in favor of the construction of the North-Siberian Railway. The following arguments were made:
- the road would open the way to the west of BAM and create conditions for the economic development of not only the Lower Angara region and other North Siberian territories, but also the huge zone of BAM, including southern Yakutia;
- perhaps a sharp increase in the western direction of the flow of coal from Kuzbass and the Kansk-Achinsk fuel and energy complex, which the Trans-Siberian Railway cannot cope with;
- it is advisable to turn the Trans-Siberian Railway into a high-speed line for passenger traffic and container intercontinental transit and transfer a significant part of the cargo traffic to the new northern highway.
The institute pointed out that the abandonment of the road construction will lead to a decrease in Russia's average annual GDP growth rate by 0.2–0.4 percentage points, to a reduction in the total Russian population consumption by 6–10%, which significantly exceeds the direct construction costs.
As a result, the construction of the road was mentioned in the closed part of the Strategy, that is, its possible construction was justified by military-strategic arguments.
The project of the road was included in the Strategy of railway transport until 2030 (in its maximum version), but in a greatly reduced form: from Ust-Ilimsk only to Nizhnevartovsk. It is also planned to build a dead-end branch from Salym to Khanty-Mansiysk.
The disadvantage of the project is the closeness of the highway in the western direction. All the multiplicative effects of the North-Siberian Railway in full will manifest themselves only as part of a single highway, which also includes the Barentskomur and BAM. The most likely prospective docking point for the Barents Committee and Sevsib is Ivdel (Midnight).
The total cost of the project is estimated at 6–12 billion US dollars. Each kilometer of the road will cost 3-5 million dollars.
In the administration of the Tomsk region expect to build a road for 5 years - with 2010 до 2015 of the year. In September 2007, the governor of the Krasnoyarsk Territory, Alexander Khloponin, called the construction of Sevsiba a decided matter, since Vladimir Putin ordered the development of this project..
The road will go through the following subjects of the Russian Federation:
- Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area,
- Tomsk region,
- Krasnoyarsk region,
- Irkutsk region.
In August 2007 Roszheldor approved the construction project of Sevsib. Russian Railways plans to file an application with the regional administrations in the investment fund of the Russian Federation for the construction of the Sevsib construction project.
In October 2007, the administration of the Krasnoyarsk Territory announced that it was launching the construction of the first section of Sevsib, the connecting branch of Karabula-Yarki. The cost of the road with a length of 44 kilometers and a bridge over the Angara will be 5.1 billion rubles..
In the framework of the federal target program “Development of the transport system of Russia for 2010-2015” approved by a decree of the Government of the Russian Federation dated May 20, 2008, funding for design work on the construction of the North-Siberian Railway in the amount of 14.7 billion rubles is provided.
Connection with the railway network of Russia
It is assumed that Sevsib will have five lines connecting it with the network of Russian railways:
- (Tyumen) Voinovka - Surgut - Nizhnevartovsk;
- Taiga - Tomsk - Bely Yar;
- Achinsk Lesosibirsk;
- Решты - Karabula;
- Spine — Ust-Ilimsk.
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