Angara

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This term has other meanings, see Angara (value).

Angara
Angara- the river in Eastern Siberia, the right tributary of the Yenisei, flows out of Lake Baikal. In the lower reaches it used to be called the Upper Tunguska.


Geographical reference

The total length of the river is 1826 km, the basin area is 1039 thousand square meters. km (without the Lake Baikal pool - 468 thousand sq. km.), the total fall is 380 m, the average slope is 0.002%. The Angara is one of the largest and most unique rivers in eastern Siberia. The total length of the Angara 1779 km. It flows from the lake. Baikal is a powerful stream with a width of 1.1 km and a depth of 1.8 - 1.9 m. The average water discharge at the source is 1920 cubic meters. m / s, or about 61 cu. km per year. It falls into the Yenisei in 83 km above the city of Yeniseisk. The catchment area of ​​the Angara basin, including the lake. Baikal, 1039000 square meters. km Half of the pool area falls on the lake. Baikal, the rest - on the Angara itself. The length of the Angara within the region is 1360 km, the catchment area is 232,000 square meters. km In the Angara basin, within the region, there are 38195 different rivers and rivers with a total length of 162,603 ​​km, which is four times the circumference of the Earth at the equator.

Angara flows through the territory of the Irkutsk region from south to north. Its valley is well developed. In some areas, it expands to 12–15 km, and at the exit points of the gangways it narrows to 300–400 m.

Angara
Food Angara receives from Lake Baikal. The natural regulator of water flow is the Irkutsk reservoir. The Angara is fed by tributaries, whose role is increasing towards the mouth.

The relatively warm subglacial water of Baikal (water masses are drawn into the Angara from Baikal not from its very surface, but from a certain depth, where the water temperature is above 0 ° C) and the fast current make the source non-freezing even in the most severe winters.

From time immemorial, waterfowl come here for wintering. This is the only permanent wintering in northern Asia. Among the birds wintering here are dominated by black and white gogols, long-nosed and common merganser, sea lad. In wintering birds appear in November. By the beginning of December, 1,200 to 1,500 ducks in the source of the Angara River are going to be at least 2,000 by the end of the month.

Since 1956, after the formation of the reservoir of the Irkutsk Hydroelectric Power Plant, the size of the polynya decreased from 10–15 to 3–4 km. Due to a sharp reduction in the size of the open-hearth and an increase in its depth, the number of wintering birds decreased from ten thousand to 2–3.5 thousand. Shallow source gives winter food ducks. Every evening they fly to Baikal hummocks for the night, and during the day swim in the polynya.

origin of name

Angara - in the Buryat language from the root "anga" the words: Angai, Angara, Angara, Angarhai - equally mean "gaping", "open", "opened", "gaping", as well as a cleft, ravine, scour. The origin of the Angara is associated with the nature of the morphology of the river valley at its source, resembling a cleft, a gorge, through which the Angara pulls out of Lake Baikal. For the first time the name "Angara" is mentioned in the thirteenth century.

Interesting Facts

Angara
Previously, the Angara River in its lower course was called the Upper Tunguska. The first to prove that the Angara and the Upper Tunguska the same river was the explorer Pianda.[1]

The Legend of the Angara

Once upon a time, a mighty gray bogatyr Baikal lived in this region. There was no equal in strength and wealth in the whole country. Stern was an old man. As it gets angry, so will the waves go up in the mountains, so will the rocks crack. He had many rivers and streams on his packages.

Old Baikal had only daughter - Angara. She was the first beauty in the whole world. Her father loved very much - the old man. But he was strict with her and kept locked up, in inaccessible depths. The old man did not even let her appear upstairs. Often, often, the beautiful Angara grieved, thinking of the will ...

Once, a gull from the Yenisei flew to the shore of Lake Baikal, sat on one of the cliffs, and began to talk about life in the yenisei's freezing steppes. She also told about the most beautiful Yenisei, the glorious descendant of Sayan. Accidentally overheard this conversation Angara and sad ...

Finally she decided to see Angara herself to see the Yenisei, but how to escape from the dungeon, from the strong high walls of the palace. I begged Angara:

Oh, you Tangerine gods,

Pity the captive soul,

Do not be harsh and strict

To me surrounded by rock.

Understand that youth to the grave

Pushes prohibition of Baikal ...

Oh give me courage and strength

Uncover these walls of rocks.

Baikal found out about her thoughts, locked her even tighter and began to look for the groom from her neighbors: he did not want to give his daughter far away. The choice of the old man focused on the rich and courageous handsome Irkut. He sent Baikal for Irkut. I found out about Angara and wept bitterly and bitterly. I begged the old man not to give for Irkut: he did not like her. But he did not want to listen to Baikal, hid the Angara even deeper, and closed it with crystal locks from above.

More than the former, Angara called for help. And they decided to streams and rivers to help her. They began to wash away the coastal cliffs. Wedding night is near. Old Baikal slept soundly. Angara cracked constipation and left the dungeon. And the streams were all digging and digging. And now the passage is ready. Angara noisily burst from the stone walls and rushed to her desired Yenisei.

Suddenly Baikal woke up: he saw something unkind in a dream. Jumped off - and scared. Around the noise, crackle. He understood that the bride had run away. Furious. Ran out of the palace, grabbed a cliff from the shore and with a curse threw him at the fugitive-daughter.

But late ... Angara was already far away.

And the stone has been lying since then at the place where the Angara cliffs had broken through. This is the Shaman Stone. The old man Baikal is still dreaming of catching up with the fugitive, and if the Shaman stone is moved, then Baikal will jump out of the banks and overtake his daughter, flooding her way with all his waters.

Notes